Disease surveillance for the COVID-19 era: time for bold changes

The authors states the future disease surveillance should comprise well integrated national systems based on five principles. The Lancet

  1. A strong surveillance foundation should monitor the population in a systematic, consistent, and statistically sound way.
  2. Surveillance systems must incorporate laboratory confirmation appropriately scaled for different diseases and risks. T
  3. Surveillance systems must be digitised, with unique health identifiers to connect individual-level data and with privacy safeguards.
  4. Surveillance programmes must use standardised case definitions and common data elements, with appropriate access for the public, local and national health authorities, regional bodies, and WHO.
  5. Disease surveillance must be adequately financed.

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