Disease surveillance for the COVID-19 era: time for bold changes
The authors states the future disease surveillance should comprise well integrated national systems based on five principles. The Lancet
- A strong surveillance foundation should monitor the population in a systematic, consistent, and statistically sound way.
- Surveillance systems must incorporate laboratory confirmation appropriately scaled for different diseases and risks. T
- Surveillance systems must be digitised, with unique health identifiers to connect individual-level data and with privacy safeguards.
- Surveillance programmes must use standardised case definitions and common data elements, with appropriate access for the public, local and national health authorities, regional bodies, and WHO.
- Disease surveillance must be adequately financed.