Leveraging Existing Birth Defects Surveillance Infrastructure to Build Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Surveillance Systems --- Illinois, New Mexico, and Vermont, 2015--2016

Estimates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) incidence during 2105 were 3.0 per 1,000 births for Illinois, 7.5 for New Mexico, and 30.8 for Vermont. Of the four diagnosis codes for NAS evaluated, those for infant drug withdrawal had the highest positive predictive values for identifying confirmed NAS cases.

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